10 Tips for Home Fire Safety

1. Be sure that everyone knows unobstructed exits from every room and how to use fire extinguishers.
2. Cook carefully. Never leave cooking unattended. Keep cooking areas clear of combustibles.
3. Use Electricity Safely. Unplug it immediately after use.
4. Put out a fire when it gets start.
5. Do not use water to put out fires from electrical appliances, gas and oil.
6. Call fire policemen: 199 or 191
7. During a fire, do not use elevators
8. During a fire, smoke and poisonous gases rise with the heat. The air is cleaner near the floor. If you encounter smoke while you are escaping from a fire, use an alternative escape route. If you must escape through smoke, crawl on your hands and knees, keeping your head 12 to 24 inches(30-60 centimetres) above the floor.
9. Run cool water over a burn for 10 to 15 minutes. Never use ice.
10. If your cloths catch fire, don’t run. Stop where you are, drop to the ground, cover your face with your hands, and roll over and over to smother the flames.


Type of Fires

aClass A: Ordinary combustibles such as wood, paper, cloth and some forms of plastic or rubber.

b Class B: Flammable liquids such as gasoline, oil, paint and paint thinner.

c Class C: Energized electrical equipment such as appliances, power tools and circuit panels.


Type of Fire Extinguishers

1. Dry Chemical Powder: ABC and BC

1.1 ABC Dry Chemical Fire Extinguisher is multipurposed and highly effective on Class A, B and C fires. The agent base is a specially fluidized and siliconized mono ammonium phosphate chemical.
1.2 BC Dry Chemical Fire Extinguisher is for standard use and effective on Class B and C fires. The agent base is sodium-bicarbonate chemical.

2. Water

Charge is highly effective on deep seated Class A fires, When extinguisher is located in exposed areas, it can be anti-freeze protected to -40 degrees F, using a loaded stream/anti-freeze charge.

3. Foam
AFFF chemical with watessr base is highly effective on Class A and B

4. Halon
This agent is effective on Class B and C fires. It leaves no residue. No cold or static shock to electrical equipment. Penetrates obscured areas. Two to three times more effective than CO2. Ideal for data processing equipment and tape and film storage areas. However, it is not ozone friendly.

5. Carbon Dioxide

CO2 is an effective agent in extinguishing Class B and C fires. A clean, non-conductor of electricity, it will not contaminate or leave residue on materials which it extinguishes. Preferred for electrical fires.